Investigation Into the Implementation of Rehabilitation in the Penal System


  • Ethan Simmons Macewan University
  • Ashu Kito
  • Kirpal Thind
  • Kateryna Kuzmuk



The implementation of rehabilitation programs in the penal system has garnered significant attention to address the root causes of criminal behaviour and facilitate the successful reintegration of offenders into society. However, the effectiveness of rehabilitation in prisons remains a subject of debate.  Specifically, it is disputed what factors influence rehabilitation effectiveness, with particular attention given to psychological and educational rehabilitation approaches, as well as factors affecting socio-demographic groups like age, race, and gender. The project conducted in-depth interviews with Ukrainian and Canadian university students to explore this issue further. Studies on rehabilitation effectiveness have produced varying results, with some indicating positive changes in inmates' psychological well-being and easier societal reintegration. In contrast, others have shown limited or no significant improvements. Their insight highlighted the need for improvements in the rehabilitation process to ensure public safety and reduce recidivism rates. By addressing these concerns, society can have greater confidence in the rehabilitative efforts undertaken in correctional facilities, ultimately fostering a safer environment for all.